Winter protection rabbit diarrhea

November 24, 2021

In cold weather in winter, young rabbits are susceptible to diarrhea and have a high mortality rate. Even if cured, it will affect growth. To ensure safe wintering for young rabbits, the principle of "prevention first and treatment secondarily" should be adopted.

First, the cause of illness

1. Various kinds of stress. After the rabbit is a young rabbit, the body's digestion and absorption, immunity, and metabolic function in the body are not perfect, especially in winter, the temperature is low, the weather is cold, the sunshine is insufficient, and the environmental mutation, weaning stress and other unfavorable factors influence , Lowering the gastrointestinal digestion and absorption of young rabbits, because the young rabbit feed intake is relatively large, how much food to feed, resulting in the food can not be completely absorbed in the digestive tract, thereby increasing the burden on the gastrointestinal, causing poor gastrointestinal reaction. At the same time, it also provides a material basis for the pathogenic microorganisms in the intestine, causing an increase in the osmotic pressure of the intestine in the posterior segment, thus causing bloating, inedible eating, and diarrhea in young rabbits.

2. Immunity declines. Puppy weaning stress caused by the body's immune system decreased, resulting in some adverse reactions, such as frail weight loss, rough hair disorder, loss of appetite or not eating, and even some vitamin deficiencies, anemia, malnutrition, resulting in a series of The changes are prone to colds, pasteurellosis, pneumonia, etc. These symptoms are caused by changes in the body's immune system resulting in decreased immunity, coupled with unfavorable factors such as impaired digestive system in young rabbits, causing young rabbits. Diarrhea disease.

3. Low level of feeding and management. If the young rabbits do not feed regularly, they will suffer from indigestion due to excessive bulimia, and the insulation will not be in place. The rabbit house will be damp, causing diarrhea; excessive feeding at night, drinking frozen water, mildew, etc. Cause diarrhea in young rabbits; feed high-protein, high-energy feeds increase gastrointestinal burden in young rabbits, causing diarrhea caused by indigestion, severe cases may also cause Clostridium perfringens disease; rabbits poor sanitary conditions, feces are not cleaned, eat The sink is not regularly sterilized; failure to prevent coccidiosis in time can also cause diarrhea.

Second, preventive measures

1. Keep warm and cold insulation, keep the rabbit house dry and sanitary, timely clean the feces, regularly disinfect the rabbit house, utensils and the surrounding environment, drink clean and warm water, and create a comfortable living environment for the young rabbits.

2. The refeeding of young rabbits after weaning should be gradual, and appropriate nutrition should be given according to the growth stage. Self-dosing is to add anti-intestinal diarrhea drugs or add rabbit-specific premixes.

3. After weaning, the young rabbits must have 3 to 5 litters and can not be reared separately to reduce stress and loneliness. Then divide the nest into nests according to the growth rate and feed dry grass and leaves appropriately to keep the young rabbits comfortable. Sex and stability.

4. Feeding should be timed, less feeding Tim Tim, feed 3 to 4 times a day, to eat 78% satisfaction, snow should be fed properly to prevent indigestion.

5. Drinking water should often add some anti-enteritis drugs, such as furazolidone, norfloxacin, gentamycin, all kinds of drugs should be added to avoid poisoning.

6. When buying young rabbits in winter, first check the change of feces, whether the abdomen is full, and whether the spirit is normal. After the purchase of young rabbits should be kept for about seven days, all normal after a variety of vaccine injections. First subcutaneous injection of anticoccidiosis drugs such as avermectin, ivermectin, etc., each subcutaneous injection of 0.1 ml, is strictly prohibited. Seven days later, a single or double seedling was injected to prevent the occurrence of various diseases. After immunization, young rabbits should be gradually raised in single cages according to their growth status, body size, and strength, and exercise their independent living ability. At the same time, they gradually increase the amount of feeding according to changes in appetite to ensure that young rabbits eat well and grow quickly.

Third, the treatment

After the onset of diarrhea in young rabbits, the cause must be identified and treated symptomatically.

1. At the beginning of diarrhea, young rabbits have normal appetite and good spirits, but feces changes, soft and not forming, can be oral gentamicin 2 ~ 4 ml / times, 2 times a day, once every 1 to 2 days to cure, at the same time Reduce the amount of feeding, but increase the proportion of dry grass.

2. Due to sudden changes in the weather caused by acute diarrhea, young rabbits normal appetite, while doing a good job of cold insulation work, intramuscular injection of drug phlegm Jin Fang (0.2 to 0.3 ml per kilogram of body weight) and compound vitamin B2 ml, 2 times a day, For 2 to 3 days, oral furazolidone is given at the same time, one tablet at a time, twice daily.

3. Loss of appetite or discarded young rabbits, listlessness, loose stools, contaminated by the feces around the anus, can be intramuscular injection of ofloxacin 2 ~ 4 ml + compound vitamin B1 ~ 2 ml + vitamin C1 ml, 2 times a day, continuous use 2 to 3 days, or intramuscular injection of ofloxacin 2 ~ 4 ml + 1 ~ 2 ml of Andrographis and compound vitamin B1 ~ 2 ml, 2 times a day, once every 2 to 3 days, while oral diarrhea stop 1 ~ 2 tablets, 2 times a day.

4. Due to bacterial-induced diarrhea and high fever performance, 2 ml of gentamycin and 2 to 4 ml of intramuscular injection of Andrographis can be used intramuscularly twice a day for 2 to 3 days.

5. If most of the young rabbits do not eat and have diarrhea, they may be caused by mildew in the feed. Stop feeding immediately, replace fresh and high-quality feed, reduce the amount of feed while treating, and add gentamicin and norfloxacin to drinking water. .

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