How to do a good job in the transfer of livestock and poultry across provinces

April 07, 2021

In recent years, farmers often need to transfer livestock and poultry across provinces, but many farmers do not understand the relevant knowledge, resulting in animals that do not adapt to the local environment, and even cause the occurrence and spread of the disease. The author now summarizes the relevant matters as follows:

First, a reasonable choice of species of livestock and poultry

The transport of breeding livestock and poultry should not only fully investigate the market demand, but also understand in detail the main characteristics of the introduced varieties and their adaptability to local natural conditions. Market conditions are the basis for determining whether the cited varieties have potential for development. They must be introduced on demand. The adaptability of livestock and poultry is the key to success. If there is little difference in climate and feeding and management between local and country of origin, introduction is usually easy to succeed. If there is a large difference in environmental conditions, special attention should be paid to the introduction of terroir. Domestication measures. At the same time, some species lack resistance to certain parasitic diseases or infectious diseases, and they are introduced into new areas and are prone to infection, resulting in large numbers of deaths. Therefore, when introducing, it is necessary to consider the differences in the environmental conditions of the place of origin and the place of introduction, and also consider the conditions of their own culture.

II. Investigate good introduction and introduction

Before the introduction from other places, it is necessary to go to the site to investigate the situation in person. The investigation includes: the prevalence of animal epidemics in the area, the prevention and control of related major animal epidemics, and the occurrence of animal epidemics in recent years. The introduction field must focus on checking whether there is an animal epidemic prevention condition certification, industrial and commercial licenses, and breeder and poultry production and production licenses. At the same time, we must also look at the farm culture archives and regulatory archives, and look at the details of the immunization and diagnosis and treatment in the culture archives. The more important thing is to look at the actual production situation of the field. Look at the situation of epidemic prevention facilities, the spirits of the livestock and poultry raised, and the conditions of feeding and eating.

Third, do a good job of preparation before transport

The first is to apply for transportation, in accordance with national laws and regulations required to handle the approval of the (cow), should first go to the importation area to handle the transfer approval form, pending approval approval and then go through other procedures; followed by handling immunization, for pigs and cattle Such as mandatory immunization for immunization of major animal epidemic disease 1 week before transportation, and no abnormalities observed for 1 week; Third, quarantine the transported livestock and poultry, and obtain qualified and effective quarantine certificates; Fourth, complete the transport vehicles. Disinfection and disinfection can be sprayed with 2% caustic soda; Fifth, the problem of feeding materials for the farm, transporting livestock and poultry may purchase some similar feeds according to the original feed situation, to buffer the emergency response to livestock and poultry.

IV. Precautions during transportation

First of all, attention should be paid to the regulation of transport procedures. The transporter of livestock and poultry must also have a certificate of quarantine of the animal, a certificate of disinfecting the vehicle, and a certificate of the non-epidemic area. The second thing is to do a good job of preventing heatstroke and reduce the stress. It is best to select the appropriate season for transport. The best introduction time is in the season with little difference in climate between the two places. If warm areas lead to cold areas, it is better to transport them in summer, and from cold areas to warm areas, it is better to transport them in winter. So that livestock and poultry can gradually adapt to changes in the climate; the third is to add water as needed. The fourth is to observe the health status of transporting livestock and poultry at any time.

Fifth, after arriving at the destination of attention

The first is to report to county-level animal health supervision agencies and accept quarantine. According to the provisions of Articles 48 and 49 of the "Regulations on the Administration of Animal Quarantine", if they fail to report on time, they will be rectified and punished. Second, the introduction of livestock and poultry shall follow the prescribed time and The site was observed in isolation, with large and medium-sized animals for 45 days and small animals for 30 days. Third, livestock and poultry with observing health and disease-free disease were placed in breeding houses and related culture files were established.

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