Heilongjiang: New Heights of "National Granary"

July 16, 2021

- Heilongjiang Agricultural Harvest Series Report (on)

At the end of December, the vast land of Heilongjiang was cold and cold, and it was full of joy from the bumper harvest. Farmyard yard, golden corn piled up like a hill, old farmers are feeling "have never seen so much food!" Most of the dark land in Woye County has been ridiculed in autumn and quietly “laying” to accumulate power for the coming year to produce more food.

An exciting group of figures spread throughout the world from here: Heilongjiang's total grain output reached 111.41 billion jins, hitting new record highs, leapt to first place in the country, and achieved “Eight Increases”; grain harvest was achieved for four consecutive years, total grain The average annual output has grown at a rate of 10 billion kilograms per year; the output of commercial grain has exceeded 900 billion kilograms, and continues to be proud of the country; farmers' income has continued to grow rapidly and is expected to break the 7,000 yuan mark.

"People work hard to help the day, the policy brings in a good harvest, and science and technology make the grain full." Talking about this year's bumper crop, Ji Bingxuan, secretary of the Heilongjiang Provincial Party Committee, said. Heilongjiang uses 1/10 of the country’s arable land, produces 1/4 of the country’s grain, and feeds 1/6 of the country’s population, making important contributions to safeguarding national food security.

The policy gives power, and the power of food production keeps flowing

Geological fertility, abundant water resources, large per capita arable land, flat terrain, contiguous contiguous plots... Heilongjiang has a superior agricultural farming environment, and modern large-scale agricultural development has even more natural conditions than any other region. Therefore, grain production has become the core of Northeast agriculture. There is no substitute for the country’s reliable “large grain warehouse” status.

The Heilongjiang Provincial Party Committee and the provincial government have always attached great importance to grain production. This year, six special meetings have been held to study specific measures for promoting grain production. Provincial Party Secretary Ji Bingxuan and Governor Wang Xiankui respectively gave important instructions on agricultural production this year. The provincial party committee and the provincial government’s main leaders and leaders in charge, have conducted in-depth investigation and research on many fronts and supervised and inspect food production. From top to bottom, the emphasis on food production is strong and the organization is strong.

As far as the meteorological conditions this year are concerned, Heilongjiang's agricultural production can be described as overall favorable, favorable weather conditions, no shortage of crops, and no drought, and the agricultural harvest is taking up “the best of times”.

Days of help still require policies to force. The series of strong agricultural and agricultural policies introduced from the central government to local governments is an important promoter of record-breaking grain production in Heilongjiang. This year, Heilongjiang Province implemented a series of important policies and measures to support grain production on the basis of the implementation of the central “four subsidies” and the purchase of protection prices for major grain varieties, with strong pertinence, wide coverage, and great efforts. The gold content is unprecedented.

Since the beginning of the year, Heilongjiang has actively promoted the "100 billion kilograms grain capacity consolidation and improvement project", carried out actions to stabilize and increase grain production, adjusted and optimized the planting structure, strengthened agricultural science and technology support, strengthened infrastructure construction, and prevented and controlled various types of disasters. In particular, in the area of ​​water conservancy construction, subsidy for deep soil preparation, construction of rice breeding sheds, construction of agricultural machinery, construction of farmers' professional cooperation organizations, soil testing, formula fertilization and agricultural insurance, etc., a series of policies to support the development of grain production were introduced. Released strong policy signals to farmers.

This year, Heilongjiang's provincial-level financial institutions only allocated 7.05 billion yuan of funds for agriculture, rural areas and farmers, an increase of 1.43 billion yuan over the previous year. In the spring farming alone, 54 billion yuan was invested, an increase of 3.18 billion yuan over the previous year, becoming the largest policy support and investment year.

In order to fully mobilize the enthusiasm of farmers for growing grain, before the spring plowing in early March, Heilongjiang Province allocated the first batch of "four subsidy" funds in advance. By the end of March, the subsidy funds of 12.274 billion yuan were all released to farmers. The implementation of various preferential agricultural policies has given farmers a "centering pill" and stimulated farmers' greatest enthusiasm for growing grain.

Not only policy support, optimization of resource allocation, implementation of structural adjustment, upgrading and transformation of technologies, these common ideas and measures used in industrial development have also been frequently seen in Heilongjiang's agricultural production.

In accordance with the goal of optimizing the allocation of agricultural resources and tapping the potential for increased production, Heilongjiang has made in-depth adjustments to the planting structure, and the steady increase in the sown area of ​​grain, the area of ​​high-yield grain crops, and the area of ​​green food has been steadily increased. This year, the total grain sown in Heilongjiang reached 206.37 million mu, a net increase of 3.145 million mu over the previous year.

In areas such as the eastern Sanjiang Plain where water resources are abundant, vigorously develop rice production; in the fourth and fifth accumulated temperature main soybean producing areas, actively expand the area of ​​early-mature corn, and the area of ​​the two large-scale high-yield grain crops has increased significantly. The province's rice area reached 51.71 million. Mu and corn area totaled 88.56 million mu, an increase of 7.08 million mu and 1008.3 million mu respectively over the previous year. The area of ​​high-yield crops hit a record high. According to calculations, the area of ​​high-yield food crops has only increased by one. This year, the province's increase in grain production has reached nearly 10 billion kilograms.

At the same time, relying on good ecological advantages, vigorously develop green food production, the province's food area to achieve harmless production, green organic food area reached 57 million mu, an increase of 3.6 million mu over the previous year.

Standardized production, balanced production of large areas of food

The Jianshan Farm of Heilongjiang Land Reclamation Jiusan Branch is located in a cold northern region. The effective accumulated temperature is low and it is not conducive to corn growth. However, the use of "Demena No. 1" early-maturing varieties, coupled with the full range of aircraft models, unified soil testing, formula fertilization, unified management, etc., corn yield from the past 500 kg to 800 kg.

“There are not a few examples of yield increase such as Jianshan Farm,” said Zhang Guichun, secretary of the Party Committee of the Jiuzhai Branch of the Agriculture and Forestry Bureau. “The key to increasing production is to guide farmers to use high quality and high product varieties suitable for different accumulated temperature zones and to implement unified standardization management.”

This year, Heilongjiang puts standardized production throughout the entire process of grain production, rigorously rigorously stipulates the quality standards for all aspects of agricultural production, and focuses on such key links as agricultural production, deep soil preparation, precision seeding, and greenhouse shed. The province's improved seed coverage rate was over 98%, and the standardized rate of food crops was over 90%.

Strict agricultural standards, "do not deduct April shed, infertility May seedlings." On March 25, the province completed the rice shed, and completed rice nursery on April 25. It was about one week earlier than last year. Daejeon sowing and paddy field transplanting are also 3 to 5 days ahead of the calendar year, more than 10 days ahead of last year. It is the earliest year in spring.

The development of sheds in greenhouses characterized by communityization, factoryization, intelligence, and commercialization has also developed rapidly. In the winter and this spring, the province has built 2,508 new rice nursery plots and 114,000 sheds. The total number of rice sheds has reached 516,000, including 16,900 intelligent sheds. Early baiting, early seedling raising, and early planting of rice pods have won time for grouting and fruit crops. The harvest of food can be described as a matter of course.

Strict input product standards will guide farmers to use high-quality, high-product varieties that are drought-tolerant, cold-tolerant, and highly tolerant, prevent cross-region planting, and give full play to the yield-enhancing potential of improved varieties. The province's plasma seed treatment technology has spread to an area of ​​16.5 million mu and the seed coating rate has reached 90%. At the same time, we will strengthen the supervision of the quality of inputs such as pesticides and fertilizers, eliminate the use of highly toxic pesticides and long-lasting herbicides, and ensure the safety of agricultural production.

Strict technical standards, to promote high-yield cultivation techniques as the core, to achieve the normalization of new technologies, standardization of conventional technologies, improve the technology in place rate. In particular, the role of the newly formed large-scale modern agricultural machinery professional cooperatives has been fully enhanced, and the mechanization level of the key links in plant management has been comprehensively improved. The spring sowing of peasants, the standard in the summer, and the quality of the harvest in autumn have yielded significant results. This year, the proportion of aircraft broadcasts in the province has reached more than 90%, which is 11.2 percentage points higher than last year.

Strictly establish standards and select four counties (cities) and 40 townships (towns) with good basic conditions, large potential for yield increase, and strong demonstration role, and carry out the construction of a whole county-wide county-wide system to promote the establishment of pilot projects for high-yield food production. The provincial demonstration of grain, oil, and sugar production was expanded to 800, covering all counties and cities, creating an area of ​​86.31 million mu, an average increase of more than 10% over non-creating farms. According to statistics, the five major food crops were modeled and cultivated, with an area of ​​158 million mu, an increase of 13 million mu over the previous year.

Heilongjiang Province is rich in water resources. However, due to the lack of water conservancy projects and long-term disrepair, agricultural water supply has been stretched in some areas, which has become an obstacle to the urgent need to solve production standardization.

This year, the province invested more than 15 billion yuan in water conservancy funds, initiated 5 irrigated areas in the western Songnen Plains and 14 large and medium-sized irrigation areas in the eastern Sanjiang Plain, and added more than 87 million cubic meters of water storage capacity, adding new irrigated areas. More than 4 million acres, while improving the disaster prevention capabilities, greatly meet the water demand for spring farming.

Shensong Land Preparation has a significant effect on increasing grain yield. Going to all levels of finance in autumn, the province has invested 322 million yuan in deep subsidy funds and an area of ​​130 million mu in autumn to achieve historic breakthroughs and create suitable soil conditions for timely early planting. At the same time, in the crucial period of grain production, the organization organized a unified prevention and control campaign for prevention of low temperatures, droughts, floods, diseases, insect pests and winds, minimizing food losses.

Under the strong promotion and demonstration of standardized production, Heilongjiang Province has emerged a large number of high-yield types such as corn ton grain fields, rice 1600 kg or more, and soybeans 500 kg or more, leading to a balanced production increase in large areas of grain in the province.

Farming guides, modern agriculture shows good prospects

“If there is no full-process, high-standard, modern scientific management, how can such a good harvest be possible!” This year, Ma Guoqiang, a peasant in the Heilongjiang Farming Friendship Farm, planted 900 hectares of rice and enjoyed a bumper harvest with an average yield of 705 kg per mu. Last year increased by 5%.

Ma Guoqiang is one of the thousands of ordinary farmer households in the farming system. If they gather their harvest, the farmer also ushered in a historical moment: the total grain output exceeded 40 billion kilograms for the first time, reaching 407.4 billion kilograms, an increase of 4.38 billion over the previous year. Jin, to achieve "eight consecutive increase", for the province's food has leapt to a historic high and made significant contributions.

This achievement was achieved only with 42 million mu of cultivated land and 940,000 employees.

A year ago, the Heilongjiang Reclamation Area was just named by the Ministry of Agriculture as a "National Modern Large Agricultural Demonstration Area." This is exactly the charm of the modern agriculture in Yi District. It shows us the bright future of modern agriculture.

When we enter the reclamation area, if it is during the growing season of grain crops, we can see that the “green sea” rice paddies are rolling and the green gauze bill is not looking at the edge, or that the “Dai Land” aircraft is spraying with pesticides and the harvester is in the field. Galloping, golden grain straight dazzling.

Heilongjiang Agricultural Reclamation has basically achieved modernization of agriculture. Especially in recent years, the construction of modern large-scale agriculture marked by large agricultural machinery, large water conservancy, large-scale science and technology, and large-scale cooperation has advanced by leaps and bounds, and indicators such as agricultural mechanization rate, contribution rate of scientific and technological progress, labor productivity, and land productivity have reached or are close to developed countries. Level.

The director of the State Farm Land Reclamation Bureau, Mr. Fengfeng Feng, said that the four major water conservancy engineering systems for flood prevention, waterlogging, irrigation and soil and water conservation have been basically established. The average agricultural staff has produced 42.7 tons of grain, the combined grain yield has reached 989.8 kg, and more than 80% of the crops have been reduced to pollution. Planting has achieved the standardization of the whole process, the whole area and the whole crop, and has formed a mode of continuous and stable grain production.

While achieving a major breakthrough in grain production, the reclamation area has also achieved “three rapid growths”: the rapid increase in the comprehensive grain production capacity, the annual average annual output increase of 3 billion kilograms, and the annual growth rate of 14.7%; the area of ​​high-yield and high-efficiency crops has grown rapidly. It accounted for 77.8% of the planting area of ​​food crops; the average yield per unit of grain crops increased rapidly to 494.9 kg, a record high. It is estimated that in this year's increase in total grain production, the area expansion factor accounts for 11.5%, science and technology upgrading factors account for 47%, and planting structure adjustment factors account for 41.5%.

In order to bring into play the leading role of modern agriculture demonstration in Heilongjiang Province, Heilongjiang Province launched the “Construction of Counties and Counties” at an appropriate time, relying on the advantages of large-scale machinery, advanced technology, and water conservancy projects in the reclamation area, and substituting for the surrounding rural areas for breeding, farming, seed generation, and irrigation. Manage and collect income, promote land-scale operations, and increase farmers' income.

At present, there are 66 counties (cities, districts) and 105 farms in the province to carry out cooperation and joint construction, basically covering all counties (cities, districts) and farms in the province. The scale of the construction consists of one farmer farming and land lease. The development of the entire village to fill the land for farming, renting, the area of ​​agricultural machinery across the area to expand to agriculture and rural areas. This year, the total area of ​​the farming villages, including farming, broadcasting and collection, reached 40.52 million mu, which effectively boosted the level of grain production in the province.

The rise of agricultural modern agriculture, leading the Heilongjiang Province and even the pace of modern agriculture.

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