Four Winter Control Measures Needed for Prosperous Wheat Winter

June 18, 2019

As the saying goes: "There is no flourishing wheat." The long winter wheat seedlings can make the growth period ahead of time, reduce the accumulation of nutrients, and reduce the ability of cold resistance, which is not conducive to safe wintering. The factors that lead to the development of a prosperous and prosperous winter can be divided into four types.
First, Wang Miao formed by improper selection of varieties. Some spring and weak spring varieties sowed early, leading to prosperous winter. This kind of wheat field is most likely to form Wangmiao frozen in the winter. Field management should be based on early removal, cultivator, repression, based on the use of closed-rooted soil, or cover "moncler head" and other measures to protect the wheat seedlings safe winter.
Second, the amount of excessive seedlings formed Wang Miao. Some farmers have the prejudice of “having money to buy seeds and no money to buy seedlings”. They don’t look at the land, do not look at the varieties, do not look at the yield, blindly increase the seeding rate, cause seedling crowding after seedling emergence, and have poor individual development with little or no tillers. For such wheat seedlings, field management should be conducted in a timely manner to sparse seedlings, establish a suitable group structure, promote individual development, combined with watering, supplement with appropriate amounts of nitrogen and phosphorus quick-effect fertilizers, in order to make up for excessive consumption of soil nutrients.
Third, excessive fertilizer and water formation of Wang Miao. High fertilizer and water plots, adequate fertilizer and water, combined with suitable temperature, wheat seedlings more tillers, individual development, leaf broad, field cover, yellow leaves of the lower part. Field management: deep cultivators cut roots. When the main stem of the wheat seedling is 7 leaves long, 5 cm to 7 cm deep between the rows of wheat, cut off part of the root system, control the absorption of nutrients, reduce tillers, control the growth of the aboveground part, and cultivate strong seedlings.
Fourth, sowing early formation of weak seedlings. Due to the early planting of wheat, the leaves of the seedlings are long and narrow, and their pods and tillers are insufficient. The main stem and a part of the big buckwheat are differentiated into spikelets before the winter, and such wheat seedlings are often weak after rushing. In the winter when temperatures below -5°C are encountered for more than 5 hours, cold damage is very likely to occur. Field management: timely suppression. Repression can inhibit the growth of the main stem and the big salamander and control leggy. When the repression should be selected sunny, in the morning there is frost or dew can not be repressed, so as not to hurt the seedlings. After repression, the fish should be plucked in time, and combined with watering, about 15 kg of ammonium bicarbonate should be applied. If necessary, spraying with 0.2% to 0.3% of chlormeson solution can also inhibit growth and resist freezing injury.

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